Greek and Latin Stems

Below are the Greek and Latin stems students will be studying the first semester.  I will assign a stem list in class every other week. In the event students loose their list, they can access it here.  A quiz will be given every other week, typically on a Monday or Tuesday. 

Stems List 1     

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

JUS

law

just, justify, unjust, judiciary, jurisdiction, justifier, injustice

MONO

one

monotheism, monarchy, monotony, monotone.

THEO

god

theology, monotheism, polytheism, theologian

CIVI

city

civilization, civil, civic, civilized

ARCHY

government

monarchy, hierarchy, anarchy

 

Stems List 2

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

POP

people

popular, population, depopulate, populate

INTRO

into

introduce, introduction, introvert

AUDI

hear

audience, inaudible, audible, audiologist

PRIM

first

primary, primate, primitive, primer

SPEC

look

spectacles, spectator, spectacle, inspect

MORS

death

mortal, immortal, mortician, mortuary

COGN

know

recognize, incognito, metacognition

 

Stems List 3

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

super

over

supervise, superb, superior, superintendent, superstore

mal

bad

malicious, malarky, malnourished

medi

middle

median, mediate, Mediterranean, medieval

manus

hand

manipulate, manicure, manipulative

nov

new

novel, novice, innovative, renovate

ped

foot

pedicure, pedal, centipede, pedestrian

dom

rule

dominate, domineering, domain, subdominate

 

Stems List 4

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

urb

city

urban, suburb, urbanize

bellum

war

antebellum, postbellum

greg

group

segregate, congregate, congregation

cred

believe

credible, incredible, discredited, creed

bene

good

benefit, beneficial, benefiber

post

after

postscript, postgraduate, postindustrial

eu

good

eulogy, euphemism, euphoria

 

Stems List 5

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

sym

together

sympathy, symphony, symbiosis

pend

hang

pending, pendant, pendulum

tang

touch

tangible, tangle, intangible

dia

across

daigonal, dialogue, diagonally

leg

read

legible, illegible, legibility,

ess

female

lioness, goddess, princess, seamstress

sol

alone

solitude, solitary, solo, soloist, desolate

sanct

holy

sanctuary, sanction, sanctify


Stems List 6

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

dign

worthy

dignify, dignity, undignified

il

not

illegal, illogical, illegible, illusion

migr

wander

migrate, migrant, migratory, migration

trans

across

transfer, translate, transmit, tansaction

voc

voice

vocal, vocalize, vocalist

numer

number

numeral, numerous, numerator, numerical

clud

close

exclude, seclude, include, exclusive

son

sound

sonar, unison, song, sonic

 

Stems List 7

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

fin

end

finite, infinite, final, definite

mob

move

mobile, mobility, immobile, demobilize

rupt

break

erupt, disrupt, rupture

ab

away

abnormal, absent, abroad

ann

year

annual, anniversary, biannual

struct

build

construct, destruct, instruction, structure

pro

forward

proceed, process, program, proclaim

vert

turn

divert, convert, revert, introvert

 

Stems List 8

Stem

Meaning

Derivatives

gress

forward

progress, regress, digress

labor

work

laborious, laboratory, elaborate, laborer

ose

sugar

sucrose, glucose, fructose

vol

will

volunteer, involuntary, voluntary

tox

poison

toxin, nontoxic, toxicology

gon

angle

pentagon, decagon, hexagon, diagonal

sta

stop

stable, station, stay, stationary, stabilize

con

together

concur, conference, consensus